1.   Regulatory Framework for the Labor Relations

Cambodian labor relations, employment and work terms and other labor-related matters are basically regulated by the Constitution and the 1997 Labor Law. The 1997 Labor Law, which was enacted in March 1997 and brought significant modification into the socialistic 1992 Labor Law, is quite liberal and protects the considerable rights of laborers and unions. 

2.   Provisions under the Constitution Relating to Employment in Cambodia

Major provisions of the Constitution relating to the employment are as follows.

3.   Major Provisions under the Labor Law

The 1997 Labor Law provides wide protection of laborers’ rights and offers generous working conditions. The key regulations of the Law are as follows.


Employment Contract


MOLVT Notification of July 9, 2010 on Minimum Wage

a.  The Minimum Wage for the workers in Textile, Garment and Shoe industries are set at USD 56 per month during the probationary period from 1 to 3 months. The regular workers are entitled to receive US$61 per month.

b.  Productivity-base wage of workers (piece-rate) will be provided based on actual performance. If the performance is over the minimum wage stipulated in a) above, the wages will be provided as per performance. In case the performance is below the minimum wage, the employers must add the wage to make it $56 per month for probationary workers and $61 for regular workers.

c.  The new minimum wage shall be effective as of 01 October 2010 until 2014.

Note:   Minimum wages are not generally determined so far, except for the workers employed in the Shoes, Textile and Garments factories.

Prakas of Labor Advisory Committee of March 4, 2011 on Additional Incentive and Bonus for the Garment and Shoes workers

a.  Workers who come regularly to work in working day determined in each month, have to be paid at least US$7 as Monthly Attendance Incentive.

b.  Workers who are willing to work for overtime at employer’s request, have to be paid 2000 riel per day as overtime meal allowance, or provided meal treat one time per day.

c.  Seniority Bonus

–    Workers working in garment enterprise or another organization for over one year have to be paid Seniority Bonus according to table below:














Monthly Bonus


0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9



–    Workers must be paid Seniority Bonus properly according to work duration stated in the table above, except any workers who have been working over 11 years, which have to be paid USD 11 per month as Seniority Bonus.

d.  Any benefit that has been stated in this Prakas will take effect as of March 1, 2011.

Working Hours



4.   Foreign Employees

Regarding foreign employees, the 1997 Labor Law sets out the following regulations.

No foreigner can work unless he possesses a work permit and an employment card issued by the Ministry in charge of Labor. These foreigners must also meet the following conditions:

  1. Employers must beforehand have a legal work permit to work in the Kingdom of Cambodia
  2. These foreigners must have legally entered the Kingdom of Cambodia
  3. These foreigners must possess a valid passport
  4. These foreigners must possess a valid residency permit
  5. These foreigners must be fit for their job and have no contagious diseases. These conditions must be determined by a Prakas (Ministerial Order) from the Ministry of Health with the approval of the Ministry in charge of Labor.

The work permit is valid for one year and may be extended as long as the validity of extension does not exceed the fixed period in the residency permit of the person in question (Article 261). The Ministry in charge of Labor shall issue a Prakas (Ministerial Order) for the issuance of work permits and employment cards to foreign workers (Article 262).

Inter-Ministerial Prakas # 1191 (MEF) on Fees for Work ID Cards, Work Books and Health Check Services of November 21, 2006

–    Calendar year fee for Work ID cards and Work Books for each foreigner, who comes to stay for  specific period in order to carry on any business for a wage/salary, shall be of US$ 100 per Work ID card and Work Book.

–    Calendar year fee for Work ID card and Work Book for each foreigner, who are over 18 years old and comes to reside permanently in Cambodia, shall be of US$50 (fifty US Dollar) per Work ID card and Work Book.

–    Foreigners, who already have their Work ID cards and Work Books, are obliged to apply for visa extension/authorization prior to the end of March every year.

–    Health examination fee of US$ 15 for each foreigner shall be to be paid by employers.

The maximum percentage of foreigners who can be employed in each of the enterprises shall be determined by a Prakas of the Minister in charge of Labor based on each of the categories of personnel as follows (Article 264).

  1. Office personnel
  2. Specialized personnel
  3. Non-specialized personnel

5.Worker employment information

Major vocational training centers and employment agencies in Cambodia are as shown in below tables.

Major Vocational Training Centers in Cambodia




Preah Kossomak Polytechnic Institute

011 760 000 / 012 655 644


MLVT/ Technical Vocational Education and Training Management Dept.

023 882 734/ 023 884 375


MLVT/ National Technical Training Institute (NTTI)

023 883 039


MLVT/ National Polytechnic Institute of Cambodia

023 691 5193 / 012 704 867


Note: MLVY: Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training

Source: Japan Desk, CDC

Major Employment Agencies in Cambodia



Person in Charge



National Employment Agency/National Training Institute

Dr. Hong Choeun,

Head-ranking Director General

023 635 717012 853 938 D021@aiu.grips.ac.jp www.nea.gov.kh

SCD Holdings (Cambodia) Co., Ltd.

Sem Sophy,

Managing Director

023 969 709 / 099 799 799 semsophy@yahoo.com n.a.

HR Inc. Cambodia Co. Ltd.

Sandra D’amico, Managig Director

023 211 437 / 012 766 748 Sandra.damico@hrinc.com.kh www.hrinc.com.kh

Cambodia Federation of Employers and Business Associations (CAMFEBA)

Sandra D’amico,

Vice President

023 222 186 / 012 766 748 camfeba@camfeba.com



Source: Japan Desk, CDC

Job opportunities are often announced through the website in Cambodia. Some of the major job announcement websites are as shown in below table.

Job Announcement Website



Contact Person






Pen Dara

067 972 270 jobs@pelprek.com




Customer Service Center

023 969 088

023 969 089

jobs@camhr.com www.camhr.com

Cambodia Job Page

Jean-Philippe Lepage

n.a. contact@cambodiajobpage.com www. cambodiajobpage.com

I Know


023 226 226

086 333 168

job@iknow.com.kh www. iknow.com.kh

Source: Japan Desk, CDC

“Cambodia-Japan Cooperation Center (CJCC)”, which was established in 2004 under the assistance and cooperation of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), has been providing various Japanese language courses as well as management-related courses to Cambodian citizens. The Japanese language courses according to own request of investor can be arranged to provide.


Source : Council for the Development of Cambodia